বুধবার, ২১ এপ্রিল ২০২১, ০৫:১৪ অপরাহ্ন
Ibn Sina is the most gifted person in history. His full name is Abu Ali Husain bin Abdullah Al Hasan bin Ali bin Sina. He is said to be one of the best medical scientists, mathematicians, astronomers and philosophers in history. Scholars from Iran, Turkey, Afghanistan, Russia and other countries claim this great philosopher as their national sage.
He was born in about 980 AD. He lived in the village of Afsana, near the famous city of Bukhara in Uzbekistan. He had an extraordinary talent hidden in him from his childhood. At the age of 10, he memorized 30 verses of the Holy Qur’an.
At the age of only 19, he acquired infinite knowledge in science, philosophy, history, economics, politics, mathematics, geometry, jurisprudence, medicine, poetry, literature etc. At the age of 21, he wrote an encyclopedia called Al Majmooa. He recorded almost everything except mathematics. In 1004, Ibn Sina took political refuge in Khawarizm. Mamun bin Mahmud was the king of Khawarism at that time. There he met Pandit Al Beruni.
Sina was accustomed to living an independent life. He lived peacefully in Khawarizm from 1004 to 1010 AD. When Ibn Sina’s fame spread, Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni wanted to get him. He used to invite them from home and abroad to enhance the glory of his royal court and give them pearls as gifts. For this purpose, Sultan Mahmud sent 40 portraits of Ibn Sina through his chief artist Abu Nasr and sent people to find the real Sina. He also indirectly sent a letter to Mamun bin Mahmud, the king of Khawarizm, instructing him to send the learned men of his court to the court of Sultan Mahmud. In fact, his real purpose was to find Ibn Sina with other learned people.
But Ibn Sina fled to the city of Hamadan in Iran. When the Sultan of Hamadan fell ill, Ibn Sina treated him. The emperor was cured. Pleased with the treatment, the emperor appointed him prime minister. But in politics he was as immature as ever. So, this appointment created a new embarrassment in his life. Moreover, senior officials and employees of the Hamadan army could not tolerate the foreign Ibn Sina. Ibn Sina is in dispute with them. The commander continued to appeal to the emperor to arrest Sina. The emperor could not ignore the request of the army chief. So, he deported Ibn Sina and imprisoned him in another place. While in Hamadan, Ibn Sina wrote Kitab al-Isharat.
The father of modern medical science
One of the branches of science is medicine. And Ibn Sina became famous all over the world for this medical science. His medical treatise, Al Qanun Fit-Thib, has long been regarded as the unrivaled and reliable source of medicine in Europe. The information he provided on the anatomy and physiology of the human body was followed by physicians from all over the world until the end of the seventeenth century. It can be said that he is the father of modern medicine.
Ibn Sina wrote more than a hundred books on physics, philosophy, theology, geometry, mathematics, medicine, literature, etc. Notable among them are Al Qanun, Ash Shefa, Arzua Fit-Thib, Lisanul Arab, Al Majnu, Al Mubadaun Mayada, Al Mukhtasarul Awsat, Al Arsadul Kalia. Among these, the book Al Qanun revolutionized medicine. This book was considered as the main rival textbook of medicine for about five centuries. Al-Qanun was translated into Latin, English, Hebrew, etc., and was included in the textbooks of medical schools in Europe at that time. Al-Qanun is divided into five large volumes, with more than four million pages. The book gives a detailed explanation of the causes, symptoms and diet of hundreds of complex diseases.
Ibn Sina developed pharmacology and clinical practice. However, his main contribution was in medicine. He is the founder of Holistic Medicine. Where at the same time the treatment is given considering the physical, mental and spiritual connection. He describes the exact anatomy of the human eye. He goes on to say that tuberculosis is a contagious disease. Which later proved to be correct.
He is said to have meditated on the basics of metaphysics, theology and philosophy in addition to medical research. It was here that he wrote the famous philosophical book Kitab al-Shifa. After a long day in the medical profession, he would hang out with the elite at night. It was not in his nature to sit in a serious idol. Ibn Sina was a seeker of knowledge and the pursuit of knowledge was his main occupation.
Once in Isfahan, the then emperor prepared an expedition against Hamadan. At this time the emperor expressed his desire to take Ibn Sina with him. The emperor decided to take him for medical treatment. Despite being ill himself, he could not refuse the emperor’s request. Ispahan’s army marched on Hamadan. Sina had many memories with Hamadan. And when he came here, he became even sicker. His illness did not go away. Ibn Sina died in 1037 while at the battle of Hamadan.