শনিবার, ২৩ অক্টোবর ২০২১, ০৯:১১ অপরাহ্ন
Today is the death anniversary of Allama Iqbal.
Sir Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938) poet, philosopher and politician. In the subcontinent he is known as Allama Iqbal. He was born on 9 November 1877 in Sialkot (now Pakistan) in the Punjab of undivided India. In most parts of South Asia and the Urdu-speaking world, Iqbal is considered a shaire-i-mashrik or poet of the East.
One of the famous ideas of Allama Iqbal is to form an independent state for the Muslims of India. This thought has played a role in the creation of the present state of Pakistan. The government of Pakistan has officially recognized him as the country’s national poet. His birthday Yam-i Veladat-i Muhammad Iqbal or Iqbal Day is a public holiday in Pakistan. He was also famous in Iran for his Persian creativity. He is known as Iqbal-i-Lahori in Iran.
Allama Muhammad Iqbal is the name of the poet who set fire to the straw of materialistic civilization immersed in the darkness of injustice, injustice and ignorance of the world. There is still a lack of interest in the East and the West in this universal personality who is widely admired as a poet, philosopher and politician at the same time. His Persian and Urdu poetry is considered one of the best in modern Persian and Urdu literature.
Iqbal was also particularly admired for his religious and political philosophy of Islam. One of his famous philosophies was the formation of an independent state for the Muslims of India. This thought has played a role in the creation of the present state of Pakistan. Although his name is Muhammad Iqbal, he is better known as Allama Iqbal.
He holds a PhD in Philosophy from the University of Munich, Germany. The PhD subject was “The development of metaphysics in Persia.” (Iran in the practice of wisdom).
In 1911, he wrote and recited the famous poem “Shikwa” (Complaint) in Lahore. He was appointed Professor of Philosophy at Government College, Lahore.
In 1912 he wrote the provocative poem “Jawab-i-Shikwa” or the answer to the complaint.
In 1913, he wrote “History of India” for secondary school students.
In 1915 he wrote a long Persian poem called “Asrare Khudi” or “The Mystery of the Soul”. He left teaching for the purpose of propagating Islam.
In 1917, Khudir wrote a duet in Persian, Asrare, entitled “Rumije Bekhudi” or “The Mystery of Suicide”.
R. in 1920. Nicholson published an English translation of Khudir’s “Secret of the Self” at the event.
He traveled to Kashmir and recited his famous poem “Saki Nama” in Srinagar.
In 1923, he was knighted by the British government for his poem “Asrare Khudi”.
The famous book of poetry “Payam-i-Mashrik” or “Message of the East” was published in Persian. Iqbal wrote this book of poetry in response to the German poet Gat’s book of poems “Western Eastern Diwan”.
In 1934 he wrote a poem called Musafir in Persian.
In 1935, Bal-i-Jibril or Dibra in Jibril was published in Urdu.
In 1936, ulama from Al-Azhar University in Egypt met him in Lahore.
In 1938, Jawaharlal Nehru met Iqbal in Lahore.
He died on 21 April 1938 in Lahore at the age of 60. A collection of Urdu and Persian poems “Armagane Hijaz” or “Hijaz’s Gift” was published after his death. Iqbal’s house is still located in Sialkot. It is recognized as Iqbal Manzil and is open to visitors.
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